I’m gonna scan and post a few maps of the Ancient Near-and-Middle East in coz I like ‘em if you don’t like the Ancient ME what’s going on with you where are you headed lets talk about your outlook missy/mister
What do people think the world and life will be like by the time you die? What will have changed and how? Political/social/economic/spiritual?
Vietnamese stamps post-Vietnam War.
Men in industry, academia, and construction.
Greek stamps from the 1980s.
Apartheid-era South African stamps.
1970s Greek stamps depicting regional costumes.
Men signed up in the early days of the war with the promise that with such ‘advanced, civilised’ nations, all it would take is one large, unprecedented-in-scale-and-importance, nobly-fought battle, and in the aftermath some agreement would be signed ushering in an era of peace.
This wasn’t pie-in-the-sky, this is exactly how the treaties after the Napoleonic Wars and the Franco-Prussian War were treated. They’d have one massive battle and a conference and a treaty was why untold men signed up - not for war, but to ensure peace.
However, the average man that went to war wasn’t even considered to be the same race as the ruling class that sent them. They were ‘degenerates’. That is a word that today has lost it’s context, but think of it, for the rich in a time of race-theory to call the poor ‘degenerates’… what does that mean?That the poor were not considered to be the same race in a time when to not be the same race was to be less than human.
So when hundreds of thousands died or were wounded in the first battle, they thought nothing of throwing more men, and more men, and more men…
They signed up for peace, and for many, the only peace they found is when riddled with bullets, they suffocated face-down in the mud.
Or when their lungs finally gave up, burned out by the mustard gas.
Or when stumbling around no-mans-land, their face hanging off, crying for their mother - only 17 - someone, maybe even someone from their own side, put them out of their misery.
Or when beaten to a pulp in hand-to-hand trench fighting, someone finally put the bayonet in them.
They - the new ruling-class - will tell you these were heroes deaths, to whitewash over the cold murder for empire and the imperial-class that they really were. As these men were living in holes in fields, their children were starving to death on British streets out of a total disinterest from the ruling-class to their plight - this dehumanisation was systematic, and the reason millions of men can be told to walk into machine-gun fire, or how 60,000 of your own men dead in a day can be put down as ‘strategic losses’.
Most survivors never spoke about what happened. Many survivors were so disfigured or mentally obliterated, they were hidden away for the rest of their lives.
They didn’t say they were ‘proud’ to have fought. They said nothing. Those that said something, said ‘never again’.
Jingoism has no place in these commemorations. The word ‘celebration’ has no place in the commemoration of the end of the war.
'If any question why we died/ Tell them, because our fathers lied'
- Rudyard Kipling
'I felt then, as I feel now, that the politicians who took us to war should have been given the guns and told to settle their differences themselves, instead of organizing nothing better than legalized mass murder.'
- Harry Patch
Map of Near and Middle East, with ancient and modern towns for context.
Timeline of the ancient Near and Middle East from the rise of the Persian Achaemenid Dynasty, to the beginning of the Islamic conquests.